You ever thought about the fact that the rich people are only rich because they are dependent on those who support them? For instance, this nation has huge corporations that are making millions upon billions of dollars but they are making it on the backs of their workers as well as their buyers. If those people were to abandon them they would be broken. Who has the real power? Is it the fact that the powers that be create some sort of dependency within the people which get’s them to give up self power in order to support them. Just a thought for today. Think about that as I drop this Wikipedia definition of Dependence. BLAMMMMMM! 

Dependency theory is a body of social science theories, both from developed and developing nations, which are predicated on the notion that resources flow from a “periphery” of poor and underdeveloped states to a “core” of wealthy states, enriching the latter at the expense of the former. It is a central contention of dependency theory that poor states are impoverished and rich ones enriched by the way poor states are integrated into the “world system.” This is based on the Marxist analysis of inequalities within the world system, but contrasts with the view of free market economists who argue that free trade advances poor states along an enriching path to full economic integration. As such, dependency theory figures prominently in the debate over how poor countries can best be enriched or developed.

BASICS

 

The premises of dependency theory are as follows:

  • Poor nations provide market access to wealthy nations (e.g., by allowing their people to buy manufactured goods and obsolete or used goods from wealthy nations), permitting the wealthy nations to enjoy a higher standard of living.
  • Wealthy nations actively perpetuate a state of dependence by various means. This influence may be multifaceted, involving economics,media controlpoliticsbanking and financeeducationculturesport, and all aspects of human resource development (including recruitment and training of workers).
  • Wealthy nations actively counter attempts by dependent nations to resist their influences by means of economic sanctions and/or the use of military force.

Consistent with these assumptions, many dependency theorists advocate social revolution as an effective means to the reduction of economic disparities in the world system.

Dependency theory first emerged as a reaction to liberal free trade theories in the 1950s, advocated by Raúl Prebisch, whose research with the Economic Commission on Latin America (ECLA) suggested that decreases in the wealth of poor nations coincided with increases in the wealth of rich nations. Paul A. Baran developed dependency theory from Marxian analysis. The theory quickly divided into diverse schools. Some, like Andre Gunder Frank, adapted it to Marxism. “Standard” dependency theory differs from Marxism, however, in arguing against internationalism and any hope of progress in less developed nations towards industrialization and a liberating revolution. Theotonio dos Santosdescribed a ‘new dependency’, which focused on both the internal and external relations of less-developed countries of the periphery, derived from a Marxian analysis. Former Brazilian President Fernando Henrique Cardoso wrote extensively on dependency theory while in political exile, arguing that it was an approach to studying the economic disparities between the centre and periphery. The American sociologistImmanuel Wallerstein refined the Marxist aspect of the theory, and called it the “World-system.” It has also been associated with Galtung’s Structural Theory of Imperialism.

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